A Beginner’s Guide to Poker


Poker is a game of chance, but it can also be a game of skill. The game is played with a deck of cards and each player has two personal cards, which they keep hidden from other players, and five community cards that are displayed face-up on the table. During betting, the highest ranked hand wins the pot. The rules of the game vary slightly between different variants, but the general principle is that one or more players must ante a sum (which varies by game, our games are usually a nickel) and then the dealer deals each player a set number of cards. Then each player can choose to call, raise or fold. All the chips in play go into a central pot, which is then awarded to the player with the best hand.

The first step in becoming a better poker player is understanding your opponents and reading their tells. While this may seem daunting to the newcomer, it is actually one of the most important aspects of poker. A great deal of a player’s success at the tables comes from being able to read other players and pick up on their subtle physical tells such as scratching their nose or fiddling with their chips. These tells are a clear indication that a player is holding a strong hand, so beginners need to be observant and learn how to read their opponents.

Once you have a solid understanding of your own hands and the hand ranges of your opponent(s) it is time to move on to strategy. This is where the game gets really interesting as you start to see avenues for profit that were previously obscured. To begin this journey you should spend some time focusing on your pre-flop action and how to proceed with your holding once betting gets around to you. Ideally you will be playing a range that balances your own hand and inherently balances the range of your opponents, making it difficult for them to call your raises.

During each betting interval, or round, one player, designated by the rules of the game, places in a bet. Players must either call that bet by putting in a sum of chips equal to or greater than the amount placed in by the player before them, or raise that bet. A player who does not raise or call a bet simply passes on their turn and is out of the betting.

Once the betting has completed a full round, the dealer will put down a fifth community card on the table called the river. Everyone then has a final chance to check, call or raise. A good rule of thumb is that a pair of kings on the flop will lose 82% of the time, but this can change if another player holds J-J and makes a high call or raise. The player with the highest ranked five-card hand wins the pot. Typically this will be a straight, but occasionally a flush will make the grade.